Explaining the Meaning of Words: A Descriptive Study on Strategies
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Business Information Systems and Computer Applications. Lesson Transcript. Instructor: Devin Kowalczyk Devin has taught psychology and has a master's degree in clinical forensic psychology. This lesson explores the different ways that a researcher can understand individuals or groups of people, both in terms of psychological research as well as general research in other fields.
Descriptive Research: Definitions Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people. There are three ways a researcher can go about doing a descriptive research project, and they are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with an individual about a specific topic Let's look at specific ways we can use each of these.
Observational If I say, 'chimpanzees,' what do you think? Survey A survey comes in different flavors, be it interviewing people face to face or handing out questionnaires to fill out. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Case Study Case studies are a little more in-depth than an observation and typically a little more holistic. Lesson Summary Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way.
Descriptive Research - Research-Methodology
The three main ways to collect this information are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with the individuals about a specific topic Learning Outcomes After watching this video lesson, you might be able to: Realize the purpose of descriptive research Mention three ways to do descriptive research Emphasize two types of observational research Note the contrasts between case studies and observations Highlight ways of performing survey research.
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Area of Study. Degree Level. You are viewing lesson Lesson 1 in chapter 5 of the course:. Introduction to Research Principles of Ethical Setting Up the Research Data Collection Techniques in Nonexperimental Research. Qualitative Research Methods and Sampling and Measurement in Research. Ch Internal Validity in External Validity.
Experimental Design. Descriptive Statistics in Inferential Statistics in Evaluating Research Studying for Psychology What are Homeschool Co-ops? Our approach is all about getting people to talk about words : this talk is it that we want to analyze. In order to make coherent sense of quite a variety of such attempts, we feel the need to establish a portion of technical language [ii] and think about the theoretical models underlying it.
We will make use of a number of concepts from the field of linguistic semantics. Where possible, we will try to keep this consistent with a broader pragmatic and cognitive perspective on communication and understanding. The distinction between sentence- and utterance-meaning must remain blurry, however,.
Lyons It is obvious that some lexemes, if not all, are related both to other lexemes in the same language […] and to entities, properties, situations, relations, etc. There have been attempts to describe these denotations by virtue of the systematic relations that hold between lexical items. Componential analysis at least chronologically [iii] emerged from semantic field theory. Its underlying assumption is that the denotation of a lexeme is determined by and explicable in terms of relationships within the language system. They […] may extend to features which are merely typical rather than invariable concomitants of woman-hood.
Leech 12, emph. Leech 22 and use-independent system of structures a justifiable theoretical decision , creative and intentional language use poses insurmountable theoretical problems.
Explaining the Meaning of Words: A Descriptive Study on Strategies
Neither Leech nor Lyons can account for how, in the process of understanding a particular piece of text, one of the word-meanings is favoured above the other. This isolated perspective on single lexemes entails incorporating into a lexeme its interdependence not only with sentence - but also with utterance -meaning, which might prove problematic. But there is another point of criticism.
What the information [that language conveys] is about — the reference of linguistic expressions — is not the real world. The referring expressions of natural language will be just those expressions that map into projectable expressions of conceptual structure. Jackendoff 36, emph. The observable isomorphisms in these representations, he goes on, are due to the fact that. Jackendoff Guided by his expectations of relevance, and using contextual assumptions made accessible by the encyclopedic entry of the linguistically encoded concept […], he starts deriving cognitive effects.
When he has enough effects to satisfy his expectations of relevance, he stops. In the relevance-theoretic view, the rather static notion of projected world is thus modified into one that is, to a considerable extent, in flux: a set of contextual assumptions accessible for computing the greatest possible contextual effects. The projected world is dynamically changing shape with the contextual requirements under the dictate of the search for relevance.
Snell-Hornby derives from this a method of analysing a special kind of verbs:. There are verbs in German and English which themselves modify the action they express. Snell-Hornby Die Reihen der Vorstellungen und ihre Bezeichnungen gehen nebeneinander fort [ Die Sprache ist alsdann keine Fessel, etwa wie ein Hemmschuh an dem Rade des Geistes, sondern ihm wie ein zweites mit ihm parallel fortlaufendes, Rad an seiner Achse.
Andreas Glombitza Author. Add to cart. Table of Content 1. Introduction 2. Preliminaries: Theory and Terminology 3.